australis is a hardy species that can survive and proliferate in a wide range of environmental conditions, but prefers the wetland-upland interface (Avers et al. 2014). Diese Arbeit analysiert die Schwermetallbelastung von Phragmites australis (Poaceae) und dessen Potential zur Phytoremediation. Phragmites australis subsp. The common reed Phragmites australis (Cav. This research is supported by a grant (2016R1D1A1A02937267) provided by the Korean National Research Foundation (KNRF) which is part of project individual basic science and engineering research program (SGER). Phragmites australis (common reed) is one of the most extensively distributed emergent plant species in the world. Phragmites Australis, Heavy Metals, Nutrients, Phytoremediation, Soil, Sediment, Value-Added Products Species diversity and functional prediction of soil bacterial communities in constructed wetlands with different plant conditions Author information: (1)a Plant Ecology and … Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Environmental Science and Pollution Research Environ Sci Pollut Res 26, 7428–7441 (2019). Aquat Bot 112:84–90, Liang Y, Zhu H, Bañuelos G, Yan B, Zhou Q, Yu X, Cheng X (2017) Constructed wetlands for saline wastewater treatment: a review. ex Steud. Int J Phytoremediat 19:3–13, Gong Y-P, Ni Z-Y, Xiong Z-Z, Cheng L-H, Xu X-H (2017) Phosphate and ammonium adsorption of the modified biochar based on Phragmites australis after phytoremediation. Correspondence to Environ Sci Pollut Res 21:1304–1313, Huang X, Wang L, Zhu S, Ho S-H, Wu J, Kalita PK, Ma F (2018) Unraveling the effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus on uptake, translocation, and distribution of cadmium in Phragmites australis (Cav.) J Environ Manag 166:420–428, Tanaka TS, Irbis C, Kumagai H, Wang P, Li K, Inamura T (2017) Effect of Phragmites japonicus harvest frequency and timing on dry matter yield and nutritive value. 5. from The Encyclopedia of Earth, Phragmites australis – cryptic invasion of the Common Reed in North America, “Kristin Saltonstall of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute has conducted a series of groundbreaking genetic analyses on P. australis. Ecol Eng 74:286–289, Brix H (2017) Sludge dewatering and mineralization in sludge treatment reed beds. Chem Eng J 332:619–627, Shaheen SM, Abdelrazek MA, Elthoth M, Moghanm FS, Mohamed R, Hamza A, El-Habashi N, Wang J, Rinklebe J (2019) Potentially toxic elements in saltmarsh sediments and common reed (Phragmites australis) of Burullus coastal lagoon at North Nile Delta, Egypt: a survey and risk assessment. The hydroponic solutions and plant tissue were sampled each day during the five day growth period and tested for nitrobenzene. Ecol Eng 73:760–769, Çakir R, Gidirislioglu A, Çebi U (2015) A study on the effects of different hydraulic loading rates (HLR) on pollutant removal efficiency of subsurface horizontal-flow constructed wetlands used for treatment of domestic wastewaters. Praxisorientierte Projekte an einer Kläranlage lieferten umfassende Einblicke in einen mit Phragmites australis, dem Schilfrohr, bepflanzten Bodenfilter und seine jahreszeitlichen Rhythmen. 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Environ Exp Bot 105:46–54, Guo Z, Fan J, Zhang J, Kang Y, Liu H, Jiang L, Zhang C (2016) Sorption heavy metal ions by activated carbons with well-developed microporosity and amino groups derived from Phragmites australis by ammonium phosphates activation. It has been used successfully in the treatment of industrial and municipal wastewater. Arsenic phytoremediation by Phragmites australis: green technology. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23:180–197, Valipour A, Azizi S, Raman V, Jamshidi S, Hamnabard N (2014) The comparative evaluation of the performance of two phytoremediation systems for domestic wastewater treatment. Part of Springer Nature. Sie ist weltweit verbreitet und manche Autoren unterscheiden drei Unterarten, die alle auch in Europa vorkommen. 2017 Dec 2;19(12):1142-1149. doi: 10.1080/15226514.2017.1328395. 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Therefore, a comprehensive review is needed to have a better understanding of the suitability of this plant for removal of different types of nutrients and heavy metals. Biotechnol Bioprocess Eng 18:431–439, Li L, Zerbe S, Han W, Thevs N, Li W, He P, Schmitt AO, Liu Y, Ji C (2014) Nitrogen and phosphorus stoichiometry of common reed (Phragmites australis) and its relationship to nutrient availability in northern China. 16, No. Ecol Eng 118:97–103, Vymazal J, Krőpfelová L (2005) Growth of Phragmites australis and Phalaris arundinacea in constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment in the Czech Republic. Trin. Ecol Eng 64:291–300, Marsik P, Podlipna R, Vanek T (2017) Study of praziquantel phytoremediation and transformation and its removal in constructed wetland. et al. Desalin Water Treat 57:1451–1461, Pérez-Sirvent C, Hernández-Pérez C, Martínez-Sánchez MJ, García-Lorenzo ML, Bech J (2017) Metal uptake by wetland plants: implications for phytoremediation and restoration. We grew P. australis in perlite under greenhouse conditions and treated plants with 60 μg/L of IBP. J Environ Manag 163:125–133, Rezania S, Taib SM, Din MFM, Dahalan FA, Kamyab H (2016a) Comprehensive review on phytotechnology: heavy metals removal by diverse aquatic plants species from wastewater. Int J Phytoremediat 18:679–685, Rezania S, Ponraj M, Din MFM, Chelliapan S, Sairan MF (2016c) Effectiveness of Eichhornia crassipes in nutrient removal from domestic wastewater based on its optimal growth rate. 12, pp. Ecol Eng 47:209–213, Article  Subscription will auto renew annually. Long-term phytoremediation of contaminated estuarine sediments with heavy metals. This plant has been used for phytoremediation of different types of wastewater, soil, and sediments since the 1970s. Int J Pest Manage 59:224–228, Kumari M, Tripathi B (2015a) Effect of Phragmites australis and Typha latifolia on biofiltration of heavy metals from secondary treated effluent. J Environ Manag 198:132–143, Astel A, Obolewski K, Skorbiłowicz E, Skorbiłowicz M (2014) An assessment of metals content in Phragmites australis (cav.) Water Res 46:5305–5315, Gagnon V, Chazarenc F, Comeau Y, Brisson J (2013) Effect of plant species on sludge dewatering and fate of pollutants in sludge treatment wetlands. The hydroponic solutions and plant tissue were sampled each day during the five day growth period and tested for nitrobenzene. Waste water from lavatories and greywater from kitchens is routed to an underground septic tank-like compartment where the solid waste is allowed to settle out. %�쏢 It is an erect perennial grass 6-15 ft. (2-5 m) tall that remains standing through all seasons and is fairly … Heavy metals are major targets for phytoremediation (Salt et al. Int J Phytoremediat 18:16–24, Bhatia M, Goyal D (2014) Analyzing remediation potential of wastewater through wetland plants: a review. Ecol Eng 61:593–600, Ganjali S, Tayebi L, Atabati H, Mortazavi S (2014) Phragmites australis as a heavy metal bioindicator in the Anzali wetland of Iran. Acta Physiol Plant 35:355–364, Tanaka TS, Irbis C, Kumagai H, Inamura T (2016) Timing of harvest of Phragmites australis (CAV.) We studied a macrophyte Phragmites australis and assessed its potential to be utilized in the phytoremediation of heavy metal-polluted wetlands, specifically in wadis in the Arabian Peninsula. Geoderma 282:49–58, Article  Toxicity effects, expressed as root growth rate inhibition, indicated that Phragmites were the most tolerant specie to chromium effects. Water Air Soil Pollut 224:1465, Rehman F, Pervez A, Mahmood Q, Nawab B (2017) Wastewater remediation by optimum dissolve oxygen enhanced by macrophytes in constructed wetlands. 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Heavy metals are an important class of pollutants with both lethal and sublethal effects on organisms. Ecol Eng 113:1–10, Sochacki A, Guy B, Faure O, Surmacz-Górska J (2015) Accumulation of metals and boron in Phragmites australis planted in constructed wetlands polishing real electroplating wastewater. 22, No. Phytoremediation von verunreinigten und kontaminierten Böden mit - Landschaftsarchitektur, Landespflege, Gartenbau - Bachelorarbeit 2015 - ebook 16,99 € - GRIN Plant tissue analysis included both rhizome and shoot sections of the plant. Trin. Sci. J. Bio. ;X�-�c67Ϗ��Y�2A�Qa�N~�7A��]����d�_?x�S[�48i6�B��27jp��/�_�9O�5t�:5n�s�c�2 �}�H��O�C�Չz� �����z~�_J*�,�A�v&^���.Ъ�U#)��{(�{H���I�Ao�;�Z+mͤ���w�A�@�6�4����� v�TD & J Environ Sci 21:1409–1414, He Y, Langenhoff AA, Sutton NB, Rijnaarts HH, Blokland MH, Chen F, Huber C, Schröder P (2017) Metabolism of ibuprofen by Phragmites australis: uptake and phytodegradation. 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Published research confirms that P. australis is a great accumulator for different types of nutrients and heavy metals than other aquatic plants. Sites containing Phragmites australis: King Road Site 3 : Remediation References: Tischer S, Hubner T. (2002). Int J Phytoremediation. Ecol Eng 25:594–605 CrossRef Google Scholar Trin. ex Steud. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 109:152–160, Rodriguez M, Brisson J (2016) Does the combination of two plant species improve removal efficiency in treatment wetlands? Phragmites australis has a high ability to accumulate various nutrients, heavy metals, and micropollutants, and in this respect, it is superior to other aquatic plants. Determination of adaptive strategies is vital to reduce the invasive growth of P. australis in the environment and its economic effects. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Phys Chem Earth, Parts A/ B/C 104:3–8, Zhao Y, Xia X, Yang Z (2013) Growth and nutrient accumulation of Phragmites australis in relation to water level variation and nutrient loadings in a shallow lake. Bioresour Technol 116:497–501, Casagrande RA, Häfliger P, Hinz HL, Tewksbury L, Blossey B (2018) Grasses as appropriate targets in weed biocontrol: is the common reed, Phragmites australis, an anomaly? Davies LC, Carias CC, Novais JM, Martins-Dias S (2005) Phytoremediation of textile effluents containing azo dye by using Phragmites australis in a vertical flow intermittent feeding constructed wetland. ���!������#=�V�����4z��O �g��8��/�+��'���R��rz���=\�=�mg`��N����n���s�w� Phytoremediation Potential of Phragmites australis in Hokersar Wetland -A Ramsar Site of Kashmir Himalaya PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE Model trials for phytoremediation of hydrocarbon-contaminated sites by the use of different plant species. Proben wurden bei großflächigen Abraumhalden in Baia Mare (RO) und bei einem unkontaminierten Standort in Breitenbrunn (Bgld) genommen. Phragmites australis takes up organic xenobiotics and has detoxification enzymes for their degradation. Roots and rhizomes (RR), stems and leaves (SL), and liquid samples were collected during 21 days of exposure. Desalination 246:35–44, Březinová T, Vymazal J (2015) Nitrogen standing stock in Phragmites australis growing in constructed wetlands—do we evaluate it correctly? Springer, Berlin 75–81, Morari F, Dal Ferro N, Cocco E (2015) Municipal wastewater treatment with Phragmites australis L. and Typha latifolia L. for irrigation reuse. Heavy metals are an important class of pollutants with both lethal and sublethal effects on organisms. �֛��`=JY��D���%K��!�E0|!��������7+�����.cQ���#��+(]A�-.���`P��n06#3 �K,ԃ�#�����9fc;��� x��3�zr���g�����V >)+h�3GZ�� ��<0�'�4�s���Q��y邳�u���r�tn�%��� � N9K,q�#>�BT�ˊ �9h��j�N&��v' cA� Chem Eng J 335:209–214, Lee JH (2013) An overview of phytoremediation as a potentially promising technology for environmental pollution control. Trin. Env. Metals in the environment ... Phragmites australis, The organs were separated and put them separately in Aven 105 within 48 hr, then Ex steudel grown in natural water reservoirs according to climate zone and salinity. “Phytoremediation of Fertilizer Factory Wastewaters by Kenaf (Hibiscus Cannabinus) In Compare with Reed (Phragmites Australis)”. 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The genus Phragmites of family Poaceae comprises of the most common perennial, rhizomatous, stoloniferous and tall (2.0–6.0 m) grasses, viz., Phragmitesaustralis, P. karka, P. communis, P. longivalvis, P. maxima and P. prostrata (Poonawala et al. Results show that P. australis can take up, translocate, and degrade IBP. common reed. Mar Pollut Bull 119:376–380, Feng H, Zhang W, Liu W, Yu L, Qian Y, Wang J, Wang J-J, Eng C, Liu C-J, Jones KW (2015) Synchrotron micro-scale study of trace metal transport and distribution in Spartina alterniflora root system in Yangtze River intertidal zone. This paper reviews the current state of knowledge regarding the suitability of Phragmites australis for environmental remediation and summarizes recent advancements in our understanding of this grass. BioControl:1–13, Castaldelli G, Soana E, Racchetti E, Vincenzi F, Fano EA, Bartoli M (2015) Vegetated canals mitigate nitrogen surplus in agricultural watersheds. and Typha angustifolia L. J Ecol:71–95, Maucieri C, Barbera AC, Vymazal J, Borin M (2017) A review on the main affecting factors of greenhouse gases emission in constructed wetlands. Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in common reed (Phragmites australis) growing spontaneously on highly contaminated mine tailing ponds in Serbia and potential use of this species in phytoremediation. Phytoremediation has several advantages. J Environ Manag 128:243–251, Toyama T, Nishimura Y, Ogata Y, Sei K, Mori K, Ike M (2016) Effects of planting Phragmites australis on nitrogen removal, microbial nitrogen cycling, and abundance of ammonia-oxidizing and denitrifying microorganisms in sediments. Bioresour Technol 174:176–181, García-Mercadoa HD, Fernándezb G, Garzón-Zúñigac MA, Durán-Domínguez-de-Bazúaa MC (2017) Remediation of mercury-polluted soils using artificial wetlands. To effectively remove N and P from eutrophic water, the Phragmites australis after phytoremediation was harvested for preparation of modified biochar. Others include Typha domingensis and Phragmites australis . Published research confirms that P. australis is a great accumulator for different types of nutrients and heavy metals than other aquatic plants. Trin. Ecol Eng 37:779–785, Bonanno G (2013) Comparative performance of trace element bioaccumulation and biomonitoring in the plant species Typha domingensis, Phragmites australis and Arundo donax. Phytoremediation potential and control of Phragmites australis as a green phytomass: an overview. J Hazard Mater 323:394–399, Mason CF, Bryant R (1975) Production, nutrient content and decomposition of Phragmites communis Trin. Das Schilfrohr (Phragmites australis), auch allgemein als Schilf bezeichnet, ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Gattung Schilfrohre (Phragmites) innerhalb der Familie der Süßgräser (Poaceae). The plant ranges in height from 6-13 feet. Phytoremediation Potential of Phragmites australis in Hokersar Wetland - A Ramsar Site of Kashmir Himalaya. J Soil Sediment 17:1384–1393, Pimentel D, Zuniga R, Morrison D (2005) Update on the environmental and economic costs associated with alien-invasive species in the United States. Trin. Article  Shahabaldin Rezania or Junboum Park. Abro SA(1), Otho AA(1), Bughio FA(1), Sahito OM(2), Jamali AR(1), Mahar A(3). Phytoremediation using emergent macrophytes has also become a prevalent treatment process. Ecol Eng 94:65–74, Uddin MN, Robinson RW (2018) Can nutrient enrichment influence the invasion of Phragmites australis? Water 10:678, Willson KG, Perantoni AN, Berry ZC, Eicholtz MI, Tamukong YB, Yarwood SA, Baldwin AH (2017) Influences of reduced iron and magnesium on growth and photosynthetic performance of Phragmites australis subsp. Phragmites australis is very sensitive to extreme weather events (e.g. Das Schilfrohr (Phragmites australis) ist die häufigste und am weitesten verbreitete Phragmites-Art.Weitere Arten kommen in den Tropen, aber auch in der europäischen Mittelmeerregion vor. Learn more about Institutional subscriptions, Abed RM, Al-Kharusi S, Gkorezis P, Prigent S, Headley T (2018) Bacterial communities in the rhizosphere of Phragmites australis from an oil-polluted wetland. Water Air Soil Pollut 223:1723–1741, Gu X-z, Chen K-n (2016) Response of N2O emissions to elevated water depth regulation: comparison of rhizosphere versus non-rhizosphere of Phragmites australis in a field-scale study. Phragmites australis are known for their accumulator power, can response to the pollution in a sensitive and effective manner, hence the importance of their use in phytoremediation. J Soils Sed 12:1189–1196, Wang Q, Xie H, Zhang J, Liang S, Ngo HH, Guo W, Liu C, Zhao C, Li H (2015) Effect of plant harvesting on the performance of constructed wetlands during winter: radial oxygen loss and microbial characteristics.